"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
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    Galesburg.com
    Time to ditch Electoral College in favor of the popular vote
    Galesburg.com op-Ed
    By Rob Buck, Local News Editor
    Feburuary 12, 2008

    Power to the people.

    That's the idea behind an effort to circumvent the cumbersome and somewhat confusing Electoral College.

    The Electoral College system was designed by the Founding Fathers as a means to prevent a 'tyranny of the majority' lest an uninformed and imbecilic electorate should run amok. We're not quite sure how this system wards off a disastrous election outcome, and it ultimately does not seem quite equitable.

    Under the Electoral College system, the winner of each state wins all the EC votes in that state, the number of which is determined based on the size of the congressional delegation. Proponents like this system in part because it gives smaller states a louder voice in the process. The trouble with the system is that a candidate needn't carry the popular vote nationwide to be elected president — witness George W. Bush in 2000.

    Because the Electoral College votes are awarded winner-take-all, a candidate who wins certain key states can still come out victorious, even without carrying the largest states.

    Because the Electoral College is established under the U.S. Constitution, past efforts to do away with the system have failed before they really even got started. A constitutional amendment generally requires approval of Congress and ratification by 38 states. No small feat, that.

    The National Popular Vote agreement already has the support of Maryland and New Jersey and legislation to add Illinois to the movement awaits Gov. Rod Blagojevich's signature in Springfield.

    According to the Associated Press, here's how the plan would work:

    States would forge an agreement to change the way they allocate general election votes. The agreement takes effect when it has the support of enough states to generate 270 votes, or a majority in the Electoral College. Then the states award their electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote, regardless of who carries each particular state. That way, the winner of the popular vote would be guaranteed to win in the Electoral College, too.

    If the candidates tied in the popular vote, each state would give its electoral votes to the candidate who carried that particular state — basically the same system used now.

    The National Popular Vote agreement may diminish the perceived power smaller states wield under the Electoral College system, but in reality it would put the power in the hands of the people. Candidates might be unlikely to visit traditional stronghold states where their party has a history of dominance, but that's already the case; neither candidate visited Illinois in 2004, for example.

    At least under the National Popular Vote agreement, each individual's vote carries the same weight. We hope Gov. Blagojevich signs on. And we hope others follow suit. The Electoral College's time has passed. — Rob Buck, local news editor


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President