"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
Progress by State

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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    How Presidential Candidates Campaign When Every Vote Is Equal

    When presidential candidates campaign inside a closely divided "battleground" state, every vote is equal throughout the state. The winner is the candidate who receives the most popular votes in the state. These maps of Iowa, Ohio, Florida, and Virginia (the four states that accounted for over two-thirds of all general-election activity in the 2012 presidential election) show that rural areas, suburbs, exurbs, and cities all received attention—roughly in proportion to their population.

    The 27 Post-Convention Campaign Events in Iowa in 2012

    Place

    Population

     

    Candidate campaign event and date

    CD

    Van Meter

    1,016

     

    Romney (10/9)

    3

    Mount Vernon

    4,506

     

    Obama (10/17)

    1

    Orange City

    6,004

     

    Romney (9/7)

    4

    Grinnell

    9,218

     

    Biden (9/18)

    1

    Muscatine

    22,886

     

    Biden (11/1), Ryan (10/2)

    2

    Fort Dodge

    25,206

     

    Biden (11/1)

    4

    Ottumwa

    25,023

     

    Biden (9/18)

    2

    Burlington

    25,663

     

    Biden (9/17), Ryan (10/2)

    2

    Clinton

    26,885

     

    Ryan (10/2)

    2

    Cedar Falls

    39,260

     

    Ryan (11/2)

    1

    Dubuque

    57,637

     

    Obama (11/3), Romney (11/3), Ryan (10/1)

    1

    Ames

    58,965

     

    Romney (10/25)

    4

    Council Bluffs

    62,230

     

    Biden (10/4), Ryan (10/21)

    3

    Iowa City

    67,862

     

    Obama (and Biden) (9/7)

    2

    Sioux City

    82,684

     

    Ryan (10/21)

    4

    Davenport

    99,685

     

    Obama (10/24), Romney (10/29)

    2

    Cedar Rapids

    126,326

     

    Romney (10/24)

    1

    Des Moines

    203,433

     

    Obama (11/5), Romney (11/3), Ryan (9/17 & 11/5)

    3




    Iowa has four congressional districts (each, of course, with equal population). The presidential candidates campaigned approximately equally in each part of the state in the 2012 presidential election.


    CD

    Campaign events by location

    Number

    1st

    Cedar Falls, Dubuque (3), Cedar Rapids, Mouth Vernon, Grinnell

    7

    2nd

    Ottumwa, Burlington (2), Muscatine (2), Davenport (2), Iowa City, Clinton

    9

    3rd

    Council Bluffs (2), Van Meter, Des Moines (4)

    7

    4th

    Orange City, Fort Dodge,  Ames, Sioux City

    4








    The 36 Post-Convention Campaign Events in Virginia in 2012

    Place

    Population

     

    Candidate and date

     

    CD

    Doswell

    2,126

     

    Romney (11/1)

     

    7

    Woodbridge

    4,055

     

    Obama (9/21)

     

    11

    Lexington

    6,998

     

    Romney (10/8)

     

    6

    Fishersville

    7,462

     

    Romney (10/4)

     

    6

    Abingdon

    8,188

     

    Romney (10/5)

     

    9

    Bristow

    15,137

     

    Obama (11/3)

     

    1

    Bristol

    17,662

     

    Ryan (10/25)

     

    9

    Fairfax

    23,461

     

    Obama (10/5, 10/19), Romney (9/13, 11/5)

     

    11

    Fredericksburg

    27,307

     

    Ryan (10/16)

     

    1

    Sterling

    27,822

     

    Biden (11/5)

     

    10

    Springfield

    30,484

     

    Romney (11/2)

     

    8

    Danville

    42,996

     

    Ryan (9/19)

     

    5

    Charlottesville

    43,956

     

    Ryan (10/25)

     

    5

    Leesburg

    45,936

     

    Romney (10/17)

     

    10

    Harrisonburg

    50,981

     

    Ryan (9/14)

     

    6

    Lynchburg

    77,113

     

    Biden (10/27), Romney (11/5), Ryan (10/16)

     

    6

    Roanoke

    97,469

     

    Romney (11/1)

     

    6

    Newport News

    180,726

     

    Romney (10/8, 11/4), Ryan (9/18)

     

    2

    Richmond

    210,309

     

    Obama (10/25), Biden (11/5), Romney (9/8, 10/12), Ryan (11/3, 11/6)

     

    3

    Chesapeake

    228,417

     

    Romney (10/17)

     

    4

    Chesterfield

    323,856

     

    Biden (9/25)

     

    4

    Virginia Beach

    447,021

     

    Obama (9/27), Romney (9/8, 11/1)

     

    2




    Virginia has 11 congressional districts (each with equal population).


    CD

    Campaign events by location

    Number

    1st

    Bristow, Fredericksburg

    2

    2nd

    Newport News (3), Virginia Beach (3)

    6

    3rd

    Richmond

    6

    4th

    Chesapeake, Chesterfield

    2

    5th

    Danville, Charlottesville

    2

    6th

    Lexington, Fishersville, Harrisonburg, Lynchburg (3), Roanoke

    7

    7th

    Doswell

    1

    8th

    Springfield

    1

    9th

    Abingdon, Bristol

    2

    10th

    Sterling, Leesburg

    2

    11th

    Fairfax (4), Woodbridge

    5








    The 40 Post-Convention Campaign Events in Florida in 2012

    Place

    Population

     

    Candidate and Date

    CD

    Fernandina Beach

    11,705

     

    Ryan (10/29)

    4

    St. Augustine

    13,407

     

    Biden (10/20)

    6

    Oldsmar

    13,703

     

    Ryan (9/15)

    12

    Sun City Center

    19,258

     

    Biden (10/19)

    17

    Land O' Lakes

    31,145

     

    Romney (10/27)

    12

    Panama City

    36,167

     

    Ryan (11/3)

    2

    Fort Pierce

    42,645

     

    Biden (10/19)

    18

    Apopka

    44,474

     

    Romney (10/6)

    5

    Coral Gables

    49,411

     

    Obama (10/11), Romney (10/31)

    26

    Pensacola

    52,340

     

    Romney (10/27)

    1

    Sarasota

    52,811

     

    Biden (10/31), Romney (9/20)

    16

    Sanford

    54,651

     

    Romney (11/5)

    5

    Ocala

    56,945

     

    Biden (10/31), Ryan (10/18)

    11

    Daytona Beach

    62,035

     

    Romney (10/19)

    6

    Delray Beach

    62,357

     

    Obama (10/23)

    22

    Tamarac

    62,557

     

    Biden (9/28)

    20

    Kissimmee

    63,369

     

    Obama (9/8), Romney (10/27)

    9

    Fort Meyers

    65,725

     

    Biden (9/29), Ryan (10/18)

    19

    Melbourne

    77,048

     

    Obama (9/9)

    8

    Boca Raton

    87,836

     

    Biden (9/28)

    22

    West Palm Beach

    101,043

     

    Obama (9/9)

    22

    Hollywood

    145,236

     

    Obama (11/4)

    23

    Port St. Lucie

    168,716

     

    Romney (10/7)

    18

    St. Petersburg

    246,541

     

    Obama (9/8), Romney (10/5)

    14

    Orlando

    249,562

     

    Ryan (9/22)

    7

    Tampa

    347,645

     

    Obama (10/25), Romney (10/31), Ryan (10/19)

    14

    Miami

    413,892

     

    Obama (9/20), Romney (9/19 x 2), Ryan (9/22)

    27

    Jacksonville

    836,507

     

    Romney (9/12, 10/31)

    5








    The 73 Post-Convention Campaign Events in Ohio in 2012



    Place

    Population

     

    Candidate and Date

    CD

    Belmont

    447

     

    Ryan (10/20)

    6

    Owensville

    794

     

    Ryan (9/12)

    2

    Sabina

    2,548

     

    Ryan (10/27)

    15

    Yellow Springs

    3,526

     

    Ryan (10/27)

    10

    Swanton

    3,690

     

    Ryan (10/8)

    5

    Vienna

    4,021

     

    Ryan (11/5)

    13

    Milford

    6,681

     

    Biden (9/9)

    2

    Celina

    10,395

     

    Romney (10/28)

    5

    Bedford Heights

    10,751

     

    Romney (9/26)

    11

    Circleville

    13,453

     

    Ryan (10/27)

    15

    Worthington

    13,757

     

    Romney (10/25)

    12

    Marietta

    14,027

     

    Ryan (11/3)

    6

    Vandalia

    15,204

     

    Romney (9/25)

    10

    Etna

    16,373

     

    Romney (11/2)

    12

    Fremont

    16,564

     

    Biden (11/4)

    4

    Mount Vernon

    16,812

     

    Romney (10/10)

    7

    Defiance

    16,838

     

    Romney (10/25)

    5

    New Philadelphia

    17,292

     

    Ryan (10/27)

    7

    North Canton

    17,404

     

    Romney (10/26)

    16

    Berea

    18,980

     

    Ryan (10/17)

    9

    Painesville

    19,634

     

    Romney (9/14)

    14

    Portsmouth

    20,302

     

    Biden (9/9), Romney (10/13)

    2

    Lebanon

    20,387

     

    Romney (10/13)

    1

    Sidney

    21,031

     

    Romney (10/10)

    4

    Avon Lake

    22,816

     

    Romney (10/29)

    9

    Athens

    23,755

     

    Obama (10/17), Biden (9/8)

    15

    Zanesville

    25,411

     

    Biden (9/8), Ryan (10/27)

    12

    Kent

    29,807

     

    Obama (9/26)

    13

    Hilliard

    30,564

     

    Obama (11/2

    15

    Bowling Green

    31,384

     

    Obama (9/26)

    5

    Delaware

    35,925

     

    Romney (10/10)

    12

    Marion

    36,904

     

    Biden (10/24), Romney (10/28)

    4

    Westerville

    37,073

     

    Romney (9/26)

    12

    Lima

    38,339

     

    Obama (11/2), Ryan (9/24)

    4

    Lancaster

    38,880

     

    Biden (11/4), Romney (10/12)

    15

    Findlay

    41,526

     

    Romney (10/28)

    5

    Mentor

    47,023

     

    Obama (11/3)

    14

    Mansfield

    47,052

     

    Romney (9/10), Ryan (11/4)

    12

    Cuyahoga Falls

    49,245

     

    Romney (10/9)

    13

    Lakewood

    51,385

     

    Biden (11/4)

    9

    Kettering

    55,990

     

    Romney (10/30)

    10

    Springfield

    60,147

     

    Obama (11/2)

    8

    West Chester

    60,958

     

    Romney (11/2)

    8

    Lorain

    63,707

     

    Biden (10/22)

    9

    Youngstown

    65,405

     

    Biden (10/29), Ryan (10/12)

    13

    Canton

    72,683

     

    Biden (10/22)

    7

    Dayton

    141,359

     

    Obama (10/23), Biden (9/12)

    10

    Toledo

    284,012

     

    Biden (10/23), Romney (9/26)

    9

    Cincinnati

    296,550

     

    Obama (9/17, 11/4), Romney (10/25), Ryan (9/25, 10/15)

    1

    Cleveland

    390,928

     

    Obama (10/5, 10/25), Romney (11/4, 11/6), Ryan (10/24)

    11

    Columbus

    809,798

     

    Obama (9/17, 10/9, 11/5), Romney (11/5), Ryan (9/29)

    3


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President