"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Tom Golisano

Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    FAQ

    Is There a Problem of Presidential Electors Voting in An Unexpected Way (Faithless Electors)?

    Among the 21,915 electoral votes cast in the 55 presidential elections in the 217 years between 1789 and 2004, there have been only 11 cases when a presidential elector has cast a vote for President in an unexpected way. None has ever affected the outcome of a presidential election. Of these only Samuel Miles in 1796 might have had reason to believe, at the time he voted, that his vote might affect the outcome of the election in the Electoral College. Nine of the 11 were "grand-standing" electors and there was one accidental electoral vote.

    Presidential electors are typically long-standing supporters of their political party and presidential candidate; however, there is always a potential problem in this area. Nineteen states have various laws on this topic.

    North Carolina's law, for example, takes a remedial approach by providing that if a presidential elector fails to vote as pledged, this action constitutes resignation from the office of the elector and cancels the vote cast by the faithless elector. North Carolina law then the immediate appointment by the remaining presidential electors, during the meeting of the Electoral College in mid-December, of a replacement.

    Pennsylvania law takes a preventative approach by providing that each party's presidential nominee shall have the power to nominate the entire slate of candidates for the position of presidential elector in Pennsylvania.

    The potential problem of faithless electors is no better or worse under the proposed "The Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote" than it is under the current system. If there is concern about this potential problem, the states already have ample power to pass laws to prevent or remedy the problem.

    For more details, see section 2.2.2 of the book Every Vote Equal: A State-Based Plan for Electing the President by National Popular Vote.


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President