"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    What Does the U.S. Constitution Say About Presidential Elections?

    The method of selecting the President and Vice President of the United States is not set forth in detail in the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution is silent about many of the most politically important features of presidential elections, notably including the question of "who votes for presidential electors" and "how are votes counted for presidential electors."

    The Founding Fathers left these (and many other) politically important aspects of presidential elections for the states to decide.

    In the nation's first presidential election in 1789, for example, only four states gave the voters a direct voice in electing the presidential electors. In most states, the state legislature simply "appointed" the state's presidential electors. The people have no federal constitutional right to vote for President. Only the Colorado Constitution gives the people a state constitutional right to vote for President.

    In 1789, only three states awarded their electoral votes using the system that is now in almost universal use throughout the United States—namely the statewide "winner-take-all" rule. Under this rule, a majority (or, nowadays, a plurality) of each state's voters controls the election of 100% of the state's presidential electors. In 1789, Virginia permitted the voters to elect presidential electors in specially created presidential elector districts. At various times in other states, voters elected presidential electors from congressional districts or from multi-member regional districts. Various indirect methods have been used, including a miniature state-level electoral college in Tennessee to choose the state's members of the national Electoral College. Today, the voters in Maine and Nebraska elect presidential electors by congressional district. In 2004, Colorado voters considered (and rejected) a ballot initiative that would have divided Colorado's nine electoral votes on a proportional basis.

    The Constitution provides, "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress."

    The U.S. Supreme Court has characterized state power concerning the manner of appointing presidential electors as "supreme," "plenary," and exclusive.

    In short, there was no consensus among the Founding Fathers in favor of two of the most politically salient features of present-day presidential elections—namely voting by the people and the statewide winner-take-all rule. These features are not mandated by the U.S. Constitution. These features were not implemented by amending the U.S. Constitution. Instead, these now-familiar features came into existence because the states used the flexibility that the Founders built into the Constitution to make these features part of our political landscape. These features are strictly a matter of state law. The now-prevailing statewide winner-take-all rule may be changed, at any time, by the states—merely by passage of a state law.

    For more details, see section 1.1 and chapter 2 of the book Every Vote Equal: A State-Based Plan for Electing the President by National Popular Vote.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President