"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
Progress by State

Tom Golisano

Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
    How should we elect the President?
    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    What is an Interstate Compact?

    An interstate compact is a contractual agreement between two or more states. The U.S. Constitution authorizes states to enter into interstate compacts. States may enter into an interstate compact in the same manner that they enact any other state law.

    There are hundreds of interstate compacts. There are no constitutional restrictions on the subject matter of interstate compacts—other than the obvious limitation that the compact's subject matter must be among the powers that the states are permitted to exercise.

    Compacts typically address problems that no one state can solve unilaterally. For example, the Colorado River Compact apportions waters of the Colorado River among seven western states. No one state would want to limit its access to the river's water unless it could rely on the fact that other states would similarly limit their usage. The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children is an example of a compact involving all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is an example of the bi-state compact.

    A state typically enters into an interstate compact in order to accomplish an objective that can only be obtained by coordinated action with other states. In most cases, it would make no sense for a state to agree to the terms of a compact unless certain desired other states also agreed to the compact's terms. Thus, an interstate compact generally does not come into effect until it is approved by a specified number or a specified combination of prospective parties.

    Once a group of states enter into an interstate compact, all the states in the compact can rely on the other state's meeting their obligations under the compact for two reasons. First, the compact is, first of all, a law in each state. Second, the compact is a contractual obligation among the states. Contracts enjoys strong protection from the Constitution because of the impairments clause that specifies, "No State shall...pass any...Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts." Thus, once a state agrees to undertake certain obligations under an interstate compact, the full force of the U.S. Constitution (including enforcement by the courts, if necessary) stands behind the agreement.

    Congress may become involved with an interstate compact in several ways, including consenting to a compact, and consenting to a compact on behalf of the District of Columbia, granting implied consent to a compact.

    For more details, see chapter 6 of the book Every Vote Equal: A State-Based Plan for Electing the President by National Popular Vote.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President