"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Tom Golisano

Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Orange County Register
    'Reform' for losers
    August 29, 2007

    A proposed change, which could be on next June's ballot, in the way California's votes are allocated in the presidential election might have a sheen of fairness, but it is nakedly partisan and profoundly subversive of our constitutional system. Both it and a competing Democratic "reform" deserve to be roundly rejected.

    The "Presidential Election Reform Act," drafted by Thomas Hiltachk, a legal counsel to Gov. Schwarzenegger (though the governor is said to be cool to this idea, thank goodness), would allocate most of California's votes in the Electoral College according to the majority vote in each congressional district, rather than through the winner-take-all system that has prevailed since California became a state.

    That might sound fairer than the current system, in which one candidate gets all 55 of California's electoral votes even if he or she gets only 50-percent-plus-one of the popular vote. The practical impact would be to tilt more votes toward Republicans, perhaps giving a GOP presidential candidate an insurmountable advantage.

    States get two electoral votes for the senators plus one vote for each congressional district. Of the state's 53 congressional districts, 19 are represented by Republicans and 22 voted for President Bush in 2004. So this proposal would give the GOP candidate about 20 more electoral votes. If the votes broke as they did in 2004, for example, it would mean the GOP would not have had to win in Ohio to get a majority. (The two Senate votes would go to the statewide majority.)

    Maine and Nebraska currently allocate their electoral votes by congressional district, but they are so demographically uniform that it hasn't made any difference, and they have few enough electoral votes – four for Maine, five for Nebraska – that it's unlikely they would swing a national election if they did split.

    This proposal would be on the ballot, if supporters get enough signatures, in June, changing the electoral rules in the middle of the game. For that reason alone it deserves to be rejected.

    One might argue that allocating votes by congressional district nationwide would be fair – until one remembers that while state boundaries are fixed, congressional district boundaries are changed every 10 years in a blatantly political act of gerrymandering. Applying this rule nationwide would invite even more outrageous gerrymandering than is routinely done now.

    It has become almost routine to denounce the "archaic" and "undemocratic" Electoral College system set up in the Constitution, but it has served the country reasonably well. It ensures that candidates pay attention to at least some smaller states rather than campaigning only in (and gearing policy only toward) large urban centers. The founders did not claim to be majority-rule democrats; indeed they were suspicious of the capacity of majorities to become as tyrannical as kings or despots. The Electoral College majority has differed from the popular majority only twice in our history and in neither case did the result create a genuine crisis (an issue different from the question of whether you consider the Bush presidency a disaster).

    If there's support for a constitutional amendment to change the Electoral College system, fine. But an alternative "reform" proposal also likely to be on the ballot creates a constitutionally dubious end-run around it. Embodied in Senate Bill 37 and pushed by Democrats, it would mandate that all of California's votes go to the overall winner of the national popular vote – but only if is joined in making this change by enough other states to total 270 electoral votes.

    California voters should reject both these self-serving proposals in June.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President