"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Don't Rush to Judgment: There is a Conservative Story to be told about the National Popular Vote
    By Laura Brod, Minnesota House of Representatives
    August 15, 2010

    Recently there has been a lot of discussion in the news and blogosphere about the National Popular Vote Plan to guarantee the awarding of state electors to the candidate who wins the National Popular Vote in all 50 states. Unfortunately, there seems to be a lot of misstatements and rhetoric surrounding the issue.

    I have recently read, due to passing of the bill in Massachusetts, that this is a "partisan" or even "liberal" effort. This could not be further from the truth. Just look at the experience and support of this legislation throughout the country with over 1935 supporting legislators from all political points of view across the political spectrum. In my home state of Minnesota, some of the most conservative members of our legislature are co-authors of the National Popular Vote Bill. In the recent New York Senate vote on the legislation; Conservative Party endorsed Republicans favored the bill by a 20-3 margin.

    The National Popular Vote Bill is not a Democrat or Republican bill. It is not even a liberal or conservative bill. The National Popular Vote Bill is a bill for Americans interested in both preserving our Electoral College and reforming the shortcomings of our current "winner-take-all" system that awards all the electors of one state to the candidate who wins in that particular state and which has led to a concentration of efforts in few states at the expense of many.

    Like many conservatives, I view most 'election reforms' through a skeptical eye. I share a reverence for the Constitution and our founding documents. In fact, when I first saw the National Popular Vote Plan, I defaulted to a "No" position on the concept. But, I was curious enough to read the legislation, re-read the Constitution, and re-read some relevant Federalist Papers. After evaluating the pros and cons of the current winner-take-all approach, I moved toward a position of support of both the concept and the legislation. This plan rightfully utilizes the states' rights, as explicitly spelled out in the Constitution, for full authority to award their electoral votes as they see fit.

    Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution says:

    "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors... "

    These words in the Constitution point out an important states' right that the National Popular Vote Plan recognizes and, as a conservative, a right which I support.

    Let's be clear. The National Popular Vote legislation being voted on and supported by legislators across this great nation does NOT abolish the Electoral College that is crucial to the stability of our republic — it preserves the Electoral College and each state's right to award their electors.

    I am one of a growing number of conservatives who support the National Popular Vote legislation because, contrary to what some folks suggest in rhetorical opposition, the many conservative supporters of the idea know that the National Popular Vote Plan is not in conflict with the Constitution and not an end run around the Constitution. In actuality, the legislation is an exercise of power by the states that is explicitly granted through the Constitution.

    Legislators across this great country—in red states and blue states, large states and small states— support this legislation because they are bound by one thing: the fact that their states are 'flyover' states. When 98% of all presidential campaign spending and visits occur in only 15 states, the great majority of states are effectively ignored in presidential elections. Legislators know this is not good for their state, their citizens, or their entire slate of candidates. Many conservative legislators from across the country have recognized that policies important to the citizens of 'flyover' states are not as highly prioritized as policies important to 'battleground' states when it comes to governing. And, over time we have seen too much profligate spending based on what moves electoral votes, rather than a real focus on holding spending and debt in check to ensure economic security and real economic opportunity for Americans.

    I believe this is a center-right country and that our conservative ideas and ideals will win the day if we take the argument to all people, not just those in battleground states. We leave many conservative votes on the table in red and blue states because candidates are not competing for those votes. We allow greater opportunity for fraud because the cheaters know how and where to cheat to make one illegal vote equal many electoral votes.

    I am one of the growing number of conservatives who support the concept of reforming our system through an agreement of the states for a National Popular Vote Plan that keeps the stability of our Republican form of government by preserving our Electoral College, keeps the checks and balances in place to ensure the protection against so-called mob rule, and keeps the states' rights intended by the Founder's securely intact.

    The National Popular vote plan being discussed by legislatures across the country does exactly that.

    As a conservative, I ask you to hold off on making a rush to judgment on this issue and hope you will consider all sides of the issue, judge for yourself, and not allow the rhetoric of the opposition too often lacking in hard facts to stand without question. Whatever side you come down on, one thing is certain; there is a conservative story in favor of a National Popular Vote to be told.

    Representative Brod has been in the Minnesota House since 2002 and is the Ranking Republican member of Minnesota's House Tax Committee.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President