"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
Progress by State

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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Washington Post
    State Poised to Become First To Scuttle Electoral College
    Lisa Rein
    Annapolis Notebook
    April 3, 2007

    The House of Delegates approved a plan to effectively scrap the electoral college and elect presidential candidates by popular vote.

    The Senate passed a similar bill last week, and the legislation is expected to head in the coming days to the desk of Gov. Martin O'Malley (D), who has indicated he will sign it.

    Under the bill, Maryland's 10 electoral votes would be awarded to the winner of the national popular vote, instead of the candidate who wins the state. It would take effect only if states with a majority of votes in the electoral college agreed to do the same.

    The proposal generated a lengthy debate on the House floor, where Democratic supporters said the change would give small states such as Maryland new attention from candidates.

    "The current system does not treat every vote equally," Del. Jon S. Cardin (D-Baltimore County) said. "Maryland has become a spectator state. . . . Why would anybody be opposed to the winner of the popular vote being the president?"

    Opponents said Maryland would be rushing into a huge change. "It's an affront to the Constitution," said Del. Anthony J. O'Donnell (R-Calvert), the House minority leader. "Are you prepared to allow someone else to determine where Maryland's votes in the electoral college go?"

    Maryland would be the first state to approve the change. Eighteen Democrats joined 36 Republicans -- all but one in the House GOP delegation -- in opposing the bill, which passed 85 to 54.

    "The fact is that all of [the candidates'] resources go into two or three states, and their votes have greater weight," House Speaker Michael E. Busch (D-Anne Arundel) said.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President