"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
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    The current Electoral College system.

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    U.S. News and World Report
    Election plan could render the country more purple
    By Dan Gilgoff
    February 24, 2006

    Imagine an America with no more red or blue states.

    That's the upshot of a plan unveiled Thursday by a new coalition of former senators and representatives to Congress that would essentially replace the Electoral College system of electing presidents with one that handed the White House to whichever candidate won the popular vote. Called the National Popular Vote, the coalition plans to lobby state legislatures nationwide to sign a compact requiring states to hand all their electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the national popular vote.

    Currently, all but two states allot all their electoral votes to whichever candidate wins that state. Because of the imperfect science involved in distributing electoral votes to states based on population size, presidential contenders can lose the popular vote but win the electoral vote, as George W. Bush did in 2000.

    Coalition members—which include five former Republican representatives and a former Democratic senator—say the plan would force presidential candidates to run truly national campaigns. In 2004, seven of the 10 biggest states—including New York, California, and Texas—saw virtually no candidate visits or ads because they were considered either solidly blue or red. The plan would "reinvigorate an electorate that has in some places become bored with all the TV commercials banging at their eardrums and in other places has never seen a candidate and is totally ignored," says former Illinois Rep. John Anderson, who ran for president as an independent in 1980 and is helping spearhead the effort. "Candidates would need to travel more and spend money in places where they haven't spent a dime, but they should have to do that."

    The Illinois state legislature recently became the first in the nation to introduce legislation that would sign the state up for the National Popular Vote's compact, attracting Republican, Democratic, and independent sponsors. But the compact doesn't take effect until enough states join to give it the equivalent of 270 electoral votes, the number necessary to carry an election. The coalition appears to face no organized opposition, but its goal of signing up enough states to activate the compact by year's end is ambitious.

    "The logic is absolutely overwhelming," says Anderson. "Those who would oppose it have a very daunting task."

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President