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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    St. Louis Post
    Effort to bypass electoral vote system keys on Missouri, Illinois
    Jo Mannies
    St. Louis Post - Dispatch - STLtoday.com
    May 11, 2006

    With Friday's deadline just ahead, the Missouri Legislature is once again embroiled in the chaos that consumes the final days of most sessions.

    But amid the last-minute battles over ethics, college funding and photo identification requirements for voters, state Rep. Jeff Roorda, D-Barnhart, is standing by. He's circulating copies of an admittedly hot-potato amendment that he would love to tack on to some bill before the closing gavel.

    Patterned after a House bill that went nowhere this session, Roorda's amendment calls for Missouri to agree to award its electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the most votes nationwide.

    Roorda concedes that his quest is a long shot.

    "My main objective is to get a little dialogue going and raise the profile of the issue," he said Wednesday.

    Roorda is part of a bipartisan group of current and former officeholders around the country who are embracing a movement advanced by National Popular Vote Inc. at a Washington kickoff in February.

    Leaders of the nonprofit organization - including retired U.S. Rep. John Anderson of Illinois and former U.S. Sen. Birch Bayh of Indiana - are traveling the country to promote a plan to get around the electoral-vote system they say is creating havoc with presidential elections.

    Their plan calls for states to form a compact in which each would agree to award all its electoral votes to the presidential candidate who captured the most votes nationwide. A minimum of 11 states is needed to make the compact work. Supporters hope to get the plan in place by the presidential election in 2012.

    National Popular Vote President Barry Fadem and Anderson concede that the compact proposal has been crafted because it would be too difficult to pass a national constitutional amendment to eliminate the Electoral College.

    Missouri and Illinois are among the first five states targeted for the compact, although supporters plan to have bills ready to be introduced in all 50 states by the end of this year.

    The Illinois Legislature adjourned last week without taking action on the proposal. But the chief sponsor - state Rep. Robert Molaro, D-Chicago - said the compact plan will be reintroduced when that state's legislators regroup in January.

    "We'll engage in a full-court press to get this passed," Molaro said.

    Elsewhere, a Louisiana House panel voted on Wednesday to approve the compact proposal. The Colorado state Senate already has voted in favor of the compact, as has a legislative panel in California. But contrary to rumors circulating locally, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger "has not taken a position on this issue," said spokeswoman Katherine McLane.

    Anderson, best known for his independent bid for president in 1980, said in an interview that the National Popular Vote's aim is "to make rational a system that the Founding Fathers never dreamed of." They never intended for the presidential candidate with the most popular votes to fail to end up in the White House, he said.

    That happened a few times in the 1800s. But the current impetus, Anderson said, are the results of the past two presidential elections.

    In 2000, Democrat Al Gore collected about 1 million more votes than Republican George W. Bush. Bush won the election because he captured the most electoral votes with a 600-vote victory in Florida.

    In 2004, Bush almost found himself in the same boat. Although he received about 3 million more votes nationwide than Democrat John Kerry, Bush's re-election hinged on his 130,000-vote edge in Ohio. That Ohio win gave Bush the electoral-vote majority.

    Molaro cited his growing number of co-sponsors - 28 as of Wednesday - as evidence that the compact idea was gaining traction. One of those co-sponsors, state Rep. Thomas Holbrook, D-Belleville, said electing the nation's president by majority vote "is the way it ought to be. It would restore some faith in the system."

    Others disagree. Across the river in Missouri, state Rep. Cynthia Davis, R-O'Fallon, asserted that a compact could force Missouri to give its electoral votes to a presidential candidate who failed to carry the state.

    "This would be the same as letting the East Coast and the West Coast select the next president," Davis said. "The population centers would dominate."

    State Rep. Bob May, R-Rolla, heads the Elections Committee that heard Anderson's testimony. Although listeners were intrigued by the compact plan, May said he didn't hear much support for it.

    But Roorda says he's not discouraged.

    "As long as I'm in the Legislature, I will introduce this bill every session," he declared, noting that he's only in his first term. "This is an issue that I'm passionate about."

    As for his amendment, Roorda said he's watching to see if the appropriate bill comes up by 5 p.m. Friday.

    If so, he said, "I'll be standing at the microphone."


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President