"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    St. Louis Beacon
    Will Missouri join national effort to give presidency to winner of popular vote?
    By Jo Mannies
    February 15, 2012

    In a rare bipartisan move, the Missouri House's top Republican and Democrat have signed on as cosponsors to a bill — part of a national movement — that seeks to commit the state to awarding all of its presidential electors to the candidate who wins the national popular vote.

    House Speaker Steve Tilley, (far right) R-Perryville, and Democratic Minority Leader Mike Talboy, (near right) D- Kansas City, are among the co-sponsors of the bill, filed this week. The chief sponsor is Rep. Dwight Scharnhorst, R-Eureka.

    Called the "National Popular Vote bill," national supporters say it "would guarantee the presidency to the candidate who receives the most popular votes in the entire United States. The bill ensures that every vote, in every state, will matter in every presidential election."

    Under the bill, the adopting state agrees that its electors (equal to the number of its members in the U.S. House and Senate) will be awarded to the candidate who wins the most votes nationwide.

    The deal won't go into effect until legislative approval has been obtained in enough states where the electoral votes equal 270 — the number that a presidential candidate needs to win the White House.

    Former Illinois Gov. Jim Edgar, (left) a Republican, is a co-leader of the movement, along with former Iowa Gov. Chet Culver, a Democrat. Former Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., also is a high-profile advocate.

    Culver said in a statement emailed to the Beacon: "I believe the time has come for states to join together and support the simple premise that the individual who wins the most votes becomes the president."

    The implicit aim is to avoid another 2000, where Democratic nominee Al Gore actually won more popular votes than Republican George W. Bush, who won more electoral votes and became president.

    However, advocates also note that a similar situation, in reverse, would have happened in 2004, if Democrat John Kerry had carried Ohio (he lost by about 60,000 votes), even though Bush got 3 million more votes nationally

    According to the group's web site, the bill already has been enacted by "9 jurisdictions possessing 132 electoral votes — 49% of the 270 necessary to activate it."

    The nine are Vermont, Maryland, Washington state, Illinois, New Jersey, Massachusetts, California, Hawaii and the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.)

    The measure has passed at least one legislative chamber in 12 other states, the national group says.

    Backers say that the setup would force presidential candidates to campaign in more states, instead of the current practice of targeting the dozen or so "swing states'' and ignoring those where the state's overall vote is deemed a lock for the Democratic or Republican nominee.

    Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon and the Missouri Ethics Commission are calling for swift action by the General Assembly in the wake of the state Supreme Court's decision tossing out a wide-ranging ethics bill that legislators passed two years ago.

    The state's highest court ruled Tuesday that the measure was too wide-ranging, violating the state constitution's restrictions against a measure covering too many different topics.

    The court's decision wasn't unexpected, since a lower-court judge had reached the same conclusion last year. But a re-do this session could be a challenge.

    The bill's chief advocate — then-Senate President Pro Tem Charlie Shields, R-St. Joseph — is no longer in the General Assembly. State House Speaker Steve Tilley, R-Perryville, was around then, and had supported the measure — although House Republicans added provisions that some contend may have contributed to its legal demise.

    (Others blame such unrelated provisions as the one inserted at the behest of state Sen. Jason Crowell, R-Cape Girardeau, that gives legislators keys to access the Capitol dome for visitors.)

    But Tilley also is leaving office after this session, and may have neither the desire nor the clout to press for replacement legislation.

    Tilley issued a statement lamenting the bill's death, but he didn't mention what might happen next. "There were some provisions in there that we were proud of," Tilley said. "First, giving some teeth to the Missouri Ethics Commission, making it a crime to mislead the Ethics Commission in an investigation, eliminating committee-to-committee transfers so there's more transparency in the process."

    Nixon, a Democrat, had been a big booster of the measure, and underscored that stance with his call for a do-over.

    "Senate Bill 844 cleaned up Missouri's political party committees, expanded contribution reporting requirements, and took numerous other steps to make government operate in a more open and accountable way," the governor said. "Today's ruling leaves a significant hole in Missouri's ethics laws, and the General Assembly must move quickly to get a strong ethics bill on my desk.

    "In the coming days, I will communicate with the General Assembly about the key components that should be in a strong ethics bill, and we must come together to get these vital laws back on the books," Nixon added.

    The Ethics Commission, which is state government's chief overseer of campaign-finance laws and their compliance, also issued a rare public statement calling for action.

    "The law contained certain items important to the Commission's daily operations and enforcement," the panel said. "The result of the decision deals a blow to the Commission's ability to enforce and administer the law. The Commission will continue working with the Legislature to pass these key provisions and improve Missouri's ethics laws."

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President