"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
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In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Tom Golisano

Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Science Magazine
    Banishing the College
    April 20, 2007
    Volumne 316, page 349


    Computer scientist John Koza of Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, a pioneer of "genetic programming," made his mark in the wider world by inventing the scratch-off lottery ticket. Last week, Maryland became the first state to endorse Koza's latest idea: overriding the electoral college that chooses U.S. presidents.


    Koza first took an interest in elections in 1966 as a grad student, selling a board game based on the electoral college. That system, which aggregates the popular vote into state-based "electoral votes" and awards each state bloc to the candidate who wins the most votes in that state, can elect a president who may not have won the most votes in the nation. In 2000, Al Gore became the fourth presidential candidate to win the popular vote but lose the election.

    In 2004, Koza--who views the current system as unfair--teamed up with the non-profit FairVote to lobby state legislatures to allocate their electoral votes to the national winner of the popular vote. The scheme would go into effect only if enough states sign on, at which point the electoral college would become meaningless. Last week, Maryland's governor signed a law adopting the proposal, which is under consideration in 40 other states. Koza is optimistic that the movement will now take off: "The biggest single question we've gotten has been who else has done this."

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President