"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
Progress by State

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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
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    The New York Times
    Massachusetts Nears a Change to Electoral Votes
    By Abby Goodnough
    July 28, 2010

    BOSTON — Ten years after George W. Bush defeated Al Gore for president despite losing the popular vote, Massachusetts is close to joining a handful of other states in passing a law that would try to prevent such a twist from happening again.

    The Massachusetts Senate approved a bill on Tuesday that would assign the state's electoral votes to the presidential candidate who won the national popular vote — regardless of whom Massachusetts voters preferred.

    But the legislation, which the House passed last week and Gov. Deval Patrick has suggested he would sign, is largely symbolic for now. It would go into effect once states holding at least 270 total electoral votes, the number required for winning the presidency, adopted similar laws.

    The five states that have already enacted such laws — Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey and Washington — account for 61 electoral votes. Massachusetts would add 12 more.

    Presidential candidates have won elections four times in the nation's history despite losing the popular vote.

    Supporters of changing the system say they want presidential candidates to campaign nationwide, rather than focusing on a few closely contested states that have a lot of electoral votes.

    The New York Senate voted last month to assign electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote, but the measure stalled in the Assembly.

    In Massachusetts, where the 28-to-9 Senate vote fell largely along party lines, Richard R. Tisei, a Republican and the Senate minority leader, said the legislation would force candidates to focus on cities, where they can get the most votes. "They're going to spend all their time in New York City and Los Angeles," Mr. Tisei said, "and to hell with the rest of the country."

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President