"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Las Vegas Review-Journal
    PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: Bill puts weight on popular vote
    Nevada lawmaker supports proposal to decrease importance of Electoral College
    By Ed Vogel
    March 17, 2007

    CARSON CITY -- A bill designed to help guarantee that the candidate with the most popular votes wins the presidency was introduced in the Assembly on Friday.

    Democratic Assemblyman Jerry Claborn of Las Vegas introduced Assembly Bill 384, an 888-word state compact agreement that has been proposed in 34 states this year by a nonprofit organization called National Popular Vote. Three other Democrats were co-sponsors of the bill.

    The proposal, if adopted by enough other states, could prevent a recurrence of the 2000 presidential election in which Democrat Al Gore received 545,000 more votes than George W. Bush but lost the race.

    Bush won the presidency by receiving 271 electoral votes to Gore's 266.

    Under the bill, states that pass the compact would agree to cast their electoral votes to the presidential candidate who nationally receives the most popular votes. That means Gore, who lost the race to Bush in Nevada in 2000, would have been awarded the state's four (now five) electoral votes.

    Once states with at least 270 electoral votes pass the Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote, the compact would go into effect. That is the minimum number of electoral votes needed to become president.

    Because those states would cast their electoral votes for the candidate who received the most popular votes in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, that person would become president.

    John Koza, a spokesman for National Popular Vote, said the compact does not circumvent the constitutional requirement that presidents are elected by electoral votes. He said the U.S. Constitution lets states decide how to award their electoral votes.

    But he acknowledged some Republicans have opposed the compact because they see Democratic "payback for Gore."

    Koza pointed out that Bush would have lost the presidency in 2004 if Democrat John Kerry had picked up 60,000 more votes in Ohio. Kerry would have been president, although Bush secured 3 million more popular votes.

    "Somebody's ox got gored in the 2000 election, but the next time it could be someone in the other party," added Koza, of Los Altos, Calif.

    He noted that of the 55 presidential elections, four times the candidate with the most popular votes did not win the presidency.

    Acting state Republican Chairman Paul Willis, who served as a presidential elector in 2004, adamantly opposes the bill.

    "It is totally BS," he said. "It would circumvent state's rights. It sounds totally bizarre."

    Willis said it bewilders him to think that under the proposal he might have to cast his electoral vote for a candidate who lost the presidential election in Nevada.

    He said the proposal also would reduce the chances that presidential candidates would visit sparsely populated states and rural areas.

    "It would be bad for Nevada," Willis said.

    Brent Boynton, a spokesman for Gov. Jim Gibbons, said the governor opposes the bill because he believes Nevada's electoral votes should go to the candidate who carries the state's popular vote.

    "If the Electoral College is made irrelevant, then the votes of a small state like Nevada would be made irrelevant," Gibbons said.

    He said that as it is now, we have presidential candidates visiting Nevada, and that wouldn't happen if that proposal became law.

    Koza said no state legislature has yet approved the compact. Last year the proposal was approved by the California Senate.

    This year it has been backed by the senates in Hawaii and Colorado.

    The proposal was first suggested in 2001 by two law professors, Akhil Reed Amar and Vikram Amar, who saw it as a way to elect the president by popular vote without having to amend the Electoral College out of the Constitution.

    Getting constitutional amendments approved can be a big task. Changes in the Constitution are proposed from time to time, but rarely made. The last amendment, the 27th, dealing with congressional pay, was added in 1992.

    The advisory committee of National Popular Votes includes former U.S. Sens. Jake Garn, a Utah Republican; Birch Bayh, an Indiana Democrat; David Durenberg, a Minnesota Republican, and former Rep. John Anderson, a Republican from Illinois who ran for president in 1980 as an Independent.

    Willis sees the proposal as a thinly disguised way to get around the Electoral College and hopes legislators will reject it.

    But Koza said legislators would realize it is a "good policy decision" for future presidential elections, instead of seeing it as backup for what happened in 2000.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President