"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Great Falls Tribune
    Bill would bypass Electoral College in presidential elections
    By Sarah Cooke, AP
    January 31, 2007

    HELENA – Montana should join a national movement to bypass the Electoral College and award the presidency to the winner of the popular vote, a Darby senator told lawmakers Wednesday.

    Republican Sen. Rick Laible and other supporters said the change would make Montana and other sparsely populated states more of a factor in presidential races and could increase voter turnout.

    "This affirms what we all hear, which is one man, one woman, one vote," Laible told the Senate State Administration Committee. "The electoral voting system doesn't allow that."

    Lawmakers in 47 other states are sponsoring similar legislation, and the Colorado Senate approved its version of the law last week, said Barry Fadem, co-founder of the California-based National Popular Vote project coordinating the movement.

    The bill would change state law to award Montana's three electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote nationally. It would take effect only if enough states joined in to make it work, Fadem said.

    Currently, voters do not directly cast their ballots for a presidential candidate. Instead, under a system created by the founding fathers out of a fear of mob rule, they choose slates of "electors," who in most cases are expected to cast their ballots for the candidate who wins the popular vote in their state.

    Each state has one elector for every member it has in the House and Senate.

    Backers say the movement is aimed at preventing a repeat of 2000, when Democrat Al Gore lost despite getting more votes than George W. Bush.

    The current system, Fadem said, encourages parties to focus on a few contested "battleground" states – such as Florida and Ohio in recent years – and ignore states like Montana with fewer electoral votes.

    "Basically the message is 'You are not relevant,'" he said.

    Other attempts to change the Electoral College system have failed, most of them aimed at amending the Constitution, a drawn-out process that requires approval by Congress and ratification by at least 38 states.

    The current proposal would be accomplished instead through an agreement among the states.

    Similar bills were introduced last year in Colorado, Illinois, Louisiana, Missouri, New York and California, where the Legislature approved the measure only to have Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger veto it.

    No one testified against the bill introduced Wednesday, and the committee took no immediate action on it.

    – The bill is Senate Bill 290.

    On the Net

    Electoral College: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/index.html

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President