"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
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In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
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    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    The Charlotte Observer
    STATE MOSTLY IGNORED BY CANDIDATES
    N.C. bill seeks to elect president by popular vote
    State Senate committee OKs measure to discard Electoral College system
    Margaret Lillard
    The Associated Press
    May 8, 2007

    North Carolina lawmakers joined a nationwide push to decide presidential elections by popular vote as a Senate committee gave its blessing Monday to a bill in favor of abandoning the electoral college system.

    The measure, being pushed in several states by the California-based National Popular Vote organization, would only kick in if states representing a majority of the nation's 538 electoral votes decided to make the same change.

    Despite its increasing size, North Carolina is largely ignored by presidential candidates because it doesn't have enough electoral votes to swing an election, said Sen. Dan Clodfelter, D-Mecklenburg, chief sponsor of the legislation.

    "We have (a presidential) election that is increasingly contested in a handful of jurisdictions and states," he said. "Unfortunately, we do not happen to be one of those states."

    For example, in the 2004 presidential race, the top candidates spent more money on their campaigns in the battleground state of Florida than in 45 other states and the District of Columbia combined, Clodfelter said.

    Three states collected 53 percent of the television advertising on the campaigns, while 23 states had no ads at all by the major candidates, he said.

    Policy decisions made by successful candidates once they take office are often still driven by the political implications of which states will be critical in the next election, Barry Fadem, president of the National Popular Vote group, told the committee.

    With the approval on a voice vote of the Senate select committee on government and election reform, the bill now goes to the full Senate for a vote. A companion measure awaits committee action in the House.

    Under the current Electoral College system, voters decide to support slates of "electors," who meet to choose the president. A candidate needs at least 270 out of 538 electoral votes to be elected.

    Most states, including North Carolina, give all their electoral votes to whichever candidate wins the popular vote. Maine and Nebraska allot some of their electoral votes based on how the candidates fared in each congressional district.

    Legislation has been introduced in 40 states to join the popular vote movement, but so far only Maryland has passed it into law. Opponents say the change would hurt small rural states, where the percentage of the national vote could be smaller than that represented by their votes in the overall Electoral College.

    The measure has received support in committees or individual chambers in several other states, according to the National Popular Vote tally.

    Hawaii lawmakers abandoned efforts last week to override Gov. Linda Lingle's veto, and Montana and North Dakota lawmakers have rejected the proposal. The measure was vetoed last year in California by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, but Fadem said legislators are trying to pass the bill again this year.


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President