"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Capital NY
    New York inches toward Electoral College reform
    By Jessica Alaimo
    February 19, 2013

    ALBANY—New York State has moved one step closer to joining an interstate compact that would decide presidential elections by popular vote.

    Last week, the Senate Elections Committee approved a bipartisan bill to add the state′s 29 electoral votes to the National Popular Vote compact.

    States who sign onto the compact agree to grant their electors based on the national popular vote, an agreement that′s triggered when the compact amasses a total of 270 electoral college votes, which would give the unified states a majority of electors.

    So far, nine states and the District of Columbia have joined the compact, giving it 136 electoral votes.

    New York would be the second-largest state to join, behind only California′s 55 electoral votes, and it would give the group 165 committed electors, just over 61 percent of the total needed.

    The Senate committee vote would seem to bode well for New York′s bill, after years of teetering between the two legislative chambers.

    The legislation previously passed the Senate in 2010 and 2011, but failed to get a vote in the Assembly, which for years refused to take up the bill.

    Last year, the roles reversed: the bill passed the Assembly by a vote of 100 to 40, but the Senate never voted on the measure.

    The hope among the bill′s sponsors is that this year will finally bring both houses together behind the legislation.

    State Senator Joe Griffo, the Oneida County Republican sponsoring the effort, said there’s a “good likelihood” the Senate will vote on the bill this year.

    Both he and Assembly sponsor Jeffrey Dinowitz, a Bronx Democrat, say they are cautiously optimistic that the effort will pass during this session.

    State Senator Cecilia Tkaczyk, the ranking Democrat on the committee, said she supports the measure.

    “New York is very important,” Dinowitz said. “With the number of electoral votes New York has, it would be a huge boost, and could encourage other states to move on this.”

    If the National Popular Vote campaign ever achieves critical mass, it would fundamentally change how presidential campaigns are conducted. Supporters argue it would make the concept of a “swing state” irrelevant, and empower residents of states like New York, now considered reliably “red” or “blue," to have more of a voice in the political process.

    “New York is often taken for granted or ignored,” Griffo said. “A state this size deserves an opportunity for people to be involved and make a difference.”

    Opponents say small states might be ignored under the law, and the national Republican Party has made it a part of its official platform to oppose National Popular Vote as a "mortal threat to our federal system and a guarantee of corruption."

    It′s not clear that either party would benefit from the change, and New York Republicans have mostly supported the bill when it has come to the floor, including current majority leader Dean Skelos, who voted for the bill in 2010 and again in 2011.

    As Griffo sees it, the people who should be most concerned over the measure are future presidential candidates and the cadre of political consultants who run their campaigns, which would be forced to re-draw their strategies for all 50 states, instead of the eight currently seen as swing states.

    One potential presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton, said in 2000, as a new senator-elect from New York, that it was "time to do away with the Electoral College and move to the popular election of our president," without mentioning National Popular Vote specifically.

    Gov. Andrew Cuomo, whose signature would be needed to enact the legislation, has not made any statement on National Popular Vote.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President